TEXAS: Click this link to see all slave labor sites in the state.

  • Statehood: 1845; some counties were established before Texas became a state
  • COUNTIES: Click one of the counties below to see all plantations/ workplaces in that county.
County Year Est. Details
Anderson 1846 from Houston County
Andrews 1876 from Bexar County
Angelina 1846 from Nacogdoches County
Aransas 1871 from Refugio County
Archer 1858 from Fannin County
Armstrong 1876 from Bexar County
Atascosa 1856 from Bexar County
Austin 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Bailey 1876 from Bexar County
Bandera 1856 from Bexar County
Bastrop 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Baylor 1858 from Fannin County
Bee 1857 from San Patricio, Goliad, Refugio, Live Oak, and Karnes counties
Bell 1850 from Milam County
Bexar 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Blanco 1858 from Burnet, Comal, Gillespie, and Hays counties
Borden 1876 from Bexar County
Bosque 1854 from McLennan County
Bowie 1840 from Red River County
Brazoria 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Brazos 1841 from Washington County; Named Navasota County until 1842
Brewster 1887 from Presidio County
Briscoe 1876 from Bexar County
Brooks 1911 from Starr County
Brown 1856 from Comanche and Travis counties
Burleson 1846 from Milam County
Burnet 1852 from Bell, Travis, and Williamson counties
Caldwell 1848 from Bastrop and Gonzales counties
Calhoun 1846 from Jackson, Matagorda, and Victoria counties
Callahan 1858 from Bexar, Bosque, and Travis counties
Cameron 1848 from Nueces County and lands ceded by Mexico
Camp 1874 from Upshur County
Carson 1876 from Bexar County
Cass 1846 from Bowie County; Named Davis County 1861-1871
Castro 1876 from Bexar County
Chambers 1858 from Jefferson and Liberty counties
Cherokee 1846 from Nacogdoches County
Childress 1876 from Bexar County
Clay 1857 from Cooke County
Cochran 1876 from Bexar County
Coke 1889 from Tom Green County
Coleman 1858 from Brown and Travis counties
Collin 1846 from Fannin County
Collingsworth 1876 from Bexar County
Colorado 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Comal 1846 from Bexar County
Comanche 1856 from Bosque and Coryell counties
Concho 1858 from Bexar County
Cooke 1848 from Fannin County
Coryell 1854 from Bell County
Cottle 1876 from Fannin County
Crane 1887 from Tom Green County
Crockett 1875 from Bexar County
Crosby 1876 from Bexar County
Culberson 1911 from El Paso County
Dallam 1876 from Bexar County
Dallas 1846 from Nacogdoches and Robertson counties
Dawson 1876 from Bexar County
Deaf Smith 1876 from Bexar County
Delta 1870 from Hopkins and Lamar counties
Denton 1846 from Fannin County
DeWitt 1846 from Goliad, Gonzales, and Victoria counties
Dickens 1876 from Bexar County
Dimmit 1858 from Bexar, Maverick, Uvalde, and Webb counties
Donley 1876 from Bexar County
Duval 1858 from Live Oak, Nueces, and Starr counties
Eastland 1858 from Bosque, Coryell, and Travis counties
Ector 1887 from Tom Green County
Edwards 1858 from Bexar County
El Paso 1848 from Santa Fe County
Ellis 1849 from Navarro County
Erath 1856 from Bosque and Coryell counties
Falls 1850 from Limestone and Milam counties
Fannin 1837 from Red River County
Fayette 1837 from Bastrop County
Fisher 1876 from Bexar County
Floyd 1876 from Bexar County
Foard 1891 from Cottle, Hardeman, King, and Knox counties
Fort Bend 1837 from Austin, Brazoria, and Harris counties
Franklin 1875 from Titus County
Freestone 1850 from Limestone County
Frio 1858 from Atascosa, Bexar, and Uvalde counties
Gaines 1876 from Bexar County
Galveston 1838 from Brazoria, Harris, and Liberty counties
Garza 1876 from Bexar County
Gillespie 1848 from Bexar and Travis counties
Glasscock 1887 from Tom Green County
Goliad 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Gonzales 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Gray 1876 from Bexar County
Grayson 1846 from Fannin County
Gregg 1873 from Upshur County
Grimes 1846 from Montgomery County
Guadalupe 1846 from Bexar and Gonzales counties
Hale 1876 from Bexar County
Hall 1876 from Bexar County
Hamilton 1856 from Bosque, Comanche, and Lampasas counties
Hansford 1876 from Bexar County
Hardeman 1858 from Fannin County
Hardin 1858 from Jefferson County and Liberty County
Harris 1836 one of the original 23 counties; Named Harrisburg County until 1839
Harrison 1839 from Shelby County
Hartley 1876 from Bexar County
Haskell 1858 from Fannin and Milam counties
Hays 1848 from Travis County
Hemphill 1876 from Bexar County
Henderson 1846 from Houston and Nacogdoches counties
Hidalgo 1852 from Cameron County
Hill 1853 from Navarro County
Hockley 1876 from Bexar County
Hood 1866 from Johnson County
Hopkins 1846 from Lamar and Nacogdoches counties
Houston 1837 from Nacogdoches County
Howard 1876 from Bexar County
Hudspeth 1917 from El Paso County
Hunt 1846 from Fannin and Nacogdoches counties
Hutchinson 1876 from Bexar County
Irion 1889 from Tom Green County
Jack 1856 from Cooke County
Jackson 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Jasper 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Jeff Davis 1887 from Presidio County
Jefferson 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Jim Hogg 1913 from Brooks and Duval counties
Jim Wells 1911 from Nueces County
Johnson 1854 from Ellis, Hill, and Navarro counties
Jones 1854 from Bexar and Bosque counties
Karnes 1854 from Bexar, DeWitt, Goliad, Gonzales, and San Patricio counties
Kaufman 1848 from Henderson County
Kendall 1862 from Blanco and Kerr counties
Kenedy 1921 from Hidalgo and Willacy counties (due to a reorganization of Willacy County)
Kent 1876 from Bexar County
Kerr 1856 from Bexar County
Kimble 1858 from Bexar County
King 1876 from Bexar County
Kinney 1850 from Bexar County
Kleberg 1913 from Nueces County
Knox 1858 from Bexar County
La Salle 1858 from Bexar County
Lamar 1840 from Red River County
Lamb 1876 from Bexar County
Lampasas 1856 from Bell, Coryell, and Travis counties
Lavaca 1842 from Colorado, Fayette, Gonzales, Jackson, and Victoria counties; Named La Buca County until 1846
Lee 1874 from Bastrop, Burleson, Fayette, and Washington counties
Leon 1846 from Robertson County
Liberty 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Limestone 1846 from Robertson County
Lipscomb 1876 from Bexar County
Live Oak 1856 from Nueces and San Patricio counties
Llano 1856 from Bexar and Gillespie counties
Loving 1887 from Tom Green County (1891)
Lubbock 1876 from Bexar County
Lynn 1876 from Bexar County
Madison 1853 from Grimes, Leon, and Walker counties
Marion 1860 from Cass County
Martin 1876 from Bexar County
Mason 1858 from Gillespie County
Matagorda 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Maverick 1856 from Kinney County
McCulloch 1856 from Bexar County
McLennan 1850 from Limestone and Milam counties
McMullen 1858 from Atascosa, Bexar, and Live Oak counties
Medina 1848 from Bexar County
Menard 1858 from Bexar County
Midland 1885 from Tom Green County
Milam 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Mills 1887 from Brown, Comanche, Hamilton, and Lampasas counties
Mitchell 1876 from Bexar County
Montague 1857 from Cooke County
Montgomery 1837 from Washington County
Moore 1876 from Bexar County
Morris 1875 from Titus County
Motley 1876 from Bexar County
Nacogdoches 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Navarro 1846 from Robertson County
Newton 1846 from Jasper County
Nolan 1876 from Bexar County
Nueces 1846 from San Patricio County
Ochiltree 1876 from Bexar County
Oldham 1876 from Bexar County
Orange 1852 from Jefferson County
Palo Pinto 1856 from Bosque and Navarro counties
Panola 1846 from Harrison and Shelby counties
Parker 1855 from Bosque and Navarro counties
Parmer 1876 from Bexar County
Pecos 1871 from Presidio County
Polk 1846 from Liberty County
Potter 1876 from Bexar County
Presidio 1850 from Santa Fe County
Rains 1870 from Hopkins, Hunt, and Wood counties
Randall 1876 from Bexar County
Reagan 1903 from Tom Green County
Real 1913 from Bandera, Edwards, and Kerr counties
Red River 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Reeves 1883 from Pecos County
Refugio 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Roberts 1876 from Bexar County
Robertson 1837 from Bexar, Milam, and Nacogdoches counties
Rockwall 1873 from Kaufman County
Runnels 1858 from Bexar and Travis counties
Rusk 1843 from Nacogdoches County
Sabine 1836 one of the original 23 counties
San Augustine 1836 one of the original 23 counties
San Jacinto 1870 from Liberty, Montgomery, Polk, and Walker counties
San Patricio 1836 one of the original 23 counties
San Saba 1856 from Bexar County
Schleicher 1887 from Crockett County
Scurry 1876 from Bexar County
Shackelford 1858 from Bosque County
Shelby 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Sherman 1876 from Bexar County
Smith 1846 from Nacogdoches County
Somervell 1875 from Hood County
Starr 1848 from Nueces County
Stephens 1858 from Bosque County; Named Buchanan County until 1861
Sterling 1891 from Tom Green County
Stonewall 1876 from Bexar County
Sutton 1887 from Crockett County
Swisher 1876 from Bexar County
Tarrant 1849 from Navarro County
Taylor 1858 from Bexar and Travis counties
Terrell 1905 from Pecos County
Terry 1876 from Bexar County
Throckmorton 1858 from Fannin County
Titus 1846 from Bowie County
Tom Green 1874 from Bexar County
Travis 1840 from Bastrop County
Trinity 1850 from Houston County
Tyler 1846 from Liberty County
Upshur 1846 from Harrison County
Upton 1887 from Tom Green County
Uvalde 1850 from Bexar County
Val Verde 1885 from Crockett, Kinney, and Pecos counties
Van Zandt 1848 from Henderson County
Victoria 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Walker 1846 from Montgomery County
Waller 1873 from Austin County and Grimes County
Ward 1887 from Tom Green County
Washington 1836 one of the original 23 counties
Webb 1848 from Nueces County
Wharton 1846 from Colorado, Jackson, and Matagorda counties
Wheeler 1876 from Bexar County
Wichita 1858 from Cooke County
Wilbarger 1858 from Bexar County
Willacy 1911 from Cameron and Hidalgo counties
Williamson 1848 from Milam County
Wilson 1860 from Bexar, Guadalupe, and Karnes counties
Winkler 1887 from Tom Green County
Wise 1856 from Cooke County
Wood 1850 from Van Zandt County
Yoakum 1876 from Bexar County
Young 1856 from Bosque County and Fannin County
Zapata 1858 from Starr County and Webb County
Zavala 1846 from Maverick County