Location: Greene County, Alabama
Date Constructed/ Founded: 1816
Associated Surnames: Gould, Gowdy, McKee
Historical Notes: Hill of Howth, the first house erected by a white settler in Boligee, Greene County, Alabama, was built by Colonel John McKee in 1816. William Proctor Gould was secretary to and heir of John McKee, pioneer citizen and federal agent to the Chickasaw Indians. W.P. Gould was appointed postmaster and register of the Land Office at Tuscaloosa in 1822. In 1828, he became a member of a commission to settle the affairs of the Alabama State Bank.
Associated Pages: Boligee Plantation (Greene Co., AL), Hays’ Mount Plantation (Greene Co., AL), Fairview Plantation (Greene Co., AL), Thornhill Plantation (Greene Co., AL)
ASSOCIATED ENSLAVED PERSONS
1840: 211 slaves [1840 United States Federal Census, Greene Co., AL, W.L.(P.) Gould]
1850: 64 slaves [1850 U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules, Greene Co., AL, W.P. Gould]
1860: 53 slaves [1860 U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules, Boligee Precinct, Greene Co., AL, W.P. Gould]
ASSOCIATED FREE PERSONS
McKee family: John McKee (b.1771-d.1832) – founder of Hill of Howth; Chickasaw woman (unnamed) – wife of J. McKee (under debate); Alzira McKee – daughter of J. McKee (under debate); Alexander H. McKee – son of J. McKee (named in will)
Gould family & employees: William Proctor Gould (b.1793-d.1862) owner of Hill Of Howth (1832), executor of the George Hays estate, took possession of the plantations of George Hays and slaves ca. 1839; Eliza Chotard Gould (b.1798) – wife of W.P. Gould; John McKee Gould (b.1831) – son of W.P. and E.C. Gould; Eliza Proctor Gould (b.1827) – daughter of W.P. and E.C. Gould; Joseph C. Carnathan – overseer employed by William P. Gould; William Carnathan – nephew of Joseph C. Carnathan, assistant overseer; 1840 census: One free colored female age 10-23, two free colored males under 10 years old
Thornton family: James Innes Thornton – owner of Thornhill Plantation; Sarah Williams Gould Thornton (b. 1824) – wife of J.I. Thornton (m.1870), daughter of W.P. and E.C. Gould
RESEARCH LEADS AND RECORDS
- John McKee papers, 1793-1829. Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (#1194-z). Summary: Diary, 1804-1805, of McKee, frontiersman, U.S. agent to the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians in eastern Mississippi, and U.S. representative from Alabama (1823-1829), and eight letters, 1793-1829, concerning Indian affairs and lands belonging to Gen. Lafayette. The diary was written while McKee was U.S. Indian agent, and deals chiefly with travels and contacts with Cherokee and Chickasaw Indians.
- William Proctor Gould Diary, 1828-1856. Collection Number: 01192. Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Abstract: William Proctor Gould of “Hill of Howth,” Boligee, Greene County, Ala., was secretary to and heir of Colonel John McKee, pioneer citizen and federal agent to the Chickasaw Indians. Gould was appointed postmaster and register of the Land Office at Tuscaloosa in 1822, and, in 1828, he became a member of a commission to settle the affairs of the Alabama State Bank. The collection is a microfilm copy of the personal and farm diary of William Gould contains almost daily entries during the years from 1828 to 1840 and from 1852 to 1856. The most consistent and precise information in the diary pertains to the weather. Also, Gould’s daily activities, especially relating to his farm, visitors, family news, and occasional opinions regarding politics and religion, are described in the diary.
None noted yet
- Lewis HJ. Encyclopedia of Alabama: John McKee, http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-3159
- Rootsweb World Connect: Fox and Hayes extended families, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:3201679
- Schweninger, L. (ed). The Southern Debate Over Slavery: Volume2, Petitions to Southern County Courts 1775 – 1867. University of Illinois, 2008.