Rotherwood Plantation

OVERVIEW

Location: Kingsport, Hawkins County, Tennessee; on the Holston River
Date Constructed/ Founded: 1818
Associated Surnames: Phipps, Ross
Historical Notes: Rotherwood Mansion is located above the Holston River. The mansion was built in 1818 by Frederick Ross, who founded the town of Rossville, which later merged with Christianville (in neighboring Sullivan Co.) to become Kingsport. Frederick Ross fell into serious financial trouble and he was forced to sell his estate to Joshua Phipps in 1847. Historical accounts and a variety of colorful legends describe Phipps as a cruel slave holder who had a terrible reputation for abuse. One piece of written evidence of his temperament towards the enslaved population comes from his will, where he callously mentions the need to ‘dispose of his negroes from time to time for misconduct’ by his heir Mack Phipps, while protecting the welfare of only one very old slave of ‘faithful character.’ The historic mansion of Rotherwood is now a private residence and is located in Kingsport in the eastern region of Tennessee, just off of the Virginia border.
Associated Pages: none


ASSOCIATED ENSLAVED PERSONS

Andy – servant named in John Phipp’s 1861 will, bequeathed to William Joshua McKinney “Mack” Phipps

1850: 80 slaves [1850 U.S. Federal Census – Slave Schedules, District 6, Hawkins Co, TN, Joshua Phipps]

1860: 22 slaves; 9 slaves (Joshua Phipps administrator of W. Phipps, deceased*) [1860 U.S. Federal Census – Slave Schedules, District 6, Hawkins Co, TN, Joshua Phipps] — *note: William Phipps (b.1768-d.1856) was the father of Joshua Phipps

ASSOCIATED FREE PERSONS

Ross family: Frederick Augustus Ross (b.1796-d.1883) – founder, pastor of Old Kingsport Presbyterian Church; Theodocia Vance Ross (b.1804-d.1853) – wife of F. Ross; Rowena Ross – daughter of F. and T.V. Ross

Phipps family: Joshua Phipps (b.1801-d.1861) – owner, purchased Rotherwood from F. Ross in 1847; Abenaida Leeper Phipps – first wife of J. Phipps (m.1830); Sarah Elizabeth Phipps (b.1832-d.1842) – daughter of J. and A.L. Phipps; Louisa Bradley Phipps (b.1794-d.1851) – second wife of J. Phipps (m.1837); Anne Peoples Bachman Phipps (b.1827-d.?) – third wife of J. Phipps, inherited the mansion and plantation in 1861; William Joshua McKinney “Mack” Phipps (b.1853-d.?) – son of J. and A.P.B. Phipps, inherited land and slaves in 1861; Frank L. Phipps – son of J. Phipps

Phipps familyFrancis Leeper Phipps (b.1833-d.1878) – son of J. and A.L. Phipps; Mollie Jones Phipps (b.1836) – wife of F.L. Phipps

Netherland family: Robert Glen Netherland (b.1823-d.1897); Louisa Phipps Netherland (b.1835-d.1907) – daughter of J. and A.L. Phipps; Samuel Woods Netherland (b.1855) – son of J. and A.L. Phipps; Frank Netherland (b.1858) – son of J. and A.L. Phipps; Nannie Netherland (b.1860) – daughter of J. and A.L. Phipps; Robert Netherland (b.1861) – son of J. and A.L. Phipps; William Netherland (b.1864) – son of J. and A.L. Phipps; Sarah Netherland (b.1867) – daughter of J. and A.L. Phipps; John Netherland (b.1869) son of J. and A.L. Phipps; George Netherland (b.1871) – son of J. and A.L. Phipps; Creed Netherland (b.1875) – son of J. and A.L. Phipps; Henry Netherland (b.1878) son of J. and A.L. Phipps

Bynum family: John G. Bynum (b.1821-d.?); Nancy Ann Bradley Phipps Bynum (b.1839-d.1916) – wife of J.G. Bynum (m.1860), daughter of J. and L.B. Phipps


RESEARCH LEADS AND RECORDS

None noted yet


MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION

None noted yet


REFERENCES

 

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