Benjamin Campbell Plantation

OVERVIEW

Location: Carroll County, Mississippi; near Duck Hill
Date Constructed/ Founded: 1830
Associated Surnames: Binford, Campbell, Cheek, Doty, Estes, Johnston, McNamara, Neville, Webb
Historical Notes: Benjamin Campbell was a planter in Halifax Co., NC prior to 1834. He married Nancy Jane Walker Binford, the widowed mother of John Alexander Binford, in North Carolina and had three children: Charles Cotesworth Pinckney Campbell, Martha Louisa Campbell, and Frances Campbell. Later he and his wife Nancy moved to Carroll Co., MS where his step-son J.A. Binford had established a plantation in the Duck Hill, MS area after the Indian Removal Act of 1830.

Benjamin Campbell settled near the Eskridge estate, which was owned and managed by Richard “Dick” Eskridge (an early colonizer of Duck Hill) and his grandson Richard E. Eskridge. Campbell would eventually enslave 59 people in 1860. His son C.C.P. Campbell also lived and owned property in Carroll Co., MS. After C.C.P.’s death in 1865, ownership was passed to his daughter Fannie L. Binford (wife of J.A. Binford’s son James R. Binford).

Associated Pages: Binford Plantation (Carroll Co., MS)
Accession: MScarro00004


ASSOCIATED ENSLAVED PERSONS

Information from Antebellum Census & Estate Records

1810: 9 slaves; [1810 US Federal Census, Northampton, NC, Benja Campell]

1820: 22 slaves – 4 boys under age 14 (b.1807-1820); 1 man, age 26 – 44 (b.1776-1794); 2 men age 45 or over (b.bef.1775); 9 girls under age 14 (b.1807-1820); 2 females, age 14 – 25 (b.1795-1806); 4 women, age 26 – 44 (b.1776-1794); [1820 US Federal Census, Halifax Co., NC, Benjamin Campbell, 22 total]

1830: 18 slaves – 2 boys under age 10 (b.1821-1830); 2 males, age 10 – 23 (b.1807-1820); 2 men, age 24 – 35 (b.1795-1806); 4 men, age 36 – 54 (b.1776-1794); 1 girl under age 10 (b.1821-1830); 4 females, age 10 – 23 (b.1807-1820); 2 women, age 36 – 54 (b.1776-1794); 1 woman, age 55 – 99 (b.1731-1775); [1830 US Federal Census, Halifax Co., NC, Benjamin Campbell, 18 total]

1840: 19 slaves – 3 boys under age 10 (b.1831-1840); 6 males, age 10 – 23 (b.1817-1830); 2 men, age 24 – 35 (b.1805-1816); 2 girls under age 10 (b.1831-1840); 2 females, age 10 – 23 (b.1817-1830); 2 women, age 24 – 35 (b.1805-1816); 1 woman, age 36 – 54 (b.1786-1804); 1 woman, age 55 – 100 (b.1740-1785); [1840 US Federal Census, Carroll Co., MS, Benjamin Campbell, 19 total]

1850: Estate of Littleberry Johnston (Carroll County, Mississippi Estate Records)
Drawn by Dr. Robert H. Davis (husband of Margaret A. Davis*) – Lot #1 – Viney and child ($750), Sunny ($260), George ($450), Tanner ($816.33), Lucinda ($240); drawn by Mary L. Johnston* – Lot #2 – Penney and child ($763), Henry ($850), Lake ($736), Letha ($190); *Note: Enslaved persons were described as “in possession of Benjamin Campbell, their guardian”

1850: Male age 70 (b.1780), Male age 45 (b.1805), Female age 45 (b.1805), Female age 45 (b.1805), Male age 45 (b.1805), Male age 35 (b.1815), Female age 25 (b.1825), Female age 36 (b.1814), Female age 25 (b.1825), Male age 30 (b.1820), Male age 35 (b.1815), Male age 27 (b.1823), Male age 30 (b.1820), Male age 35 (b.1815), Male age 23 (b.1827), Male age 21 (b.1829), Male age 21 (b.1829), Female age 20 (b.1830), Male age 19 (b.1831), Male age 18 (b.1832), Male age 19 (b.1831), Female age 19 (b.1831), Male age 18 (b.1832), Female age 16 (b.1834), Male age 12 (b.1838), Female age 12 (b.1838), Female age 9 (b.1841), Female age 14 (b.1836), Male age 8 (b.1842), Male age 8 (b.1842), Male age 6 (b.1844), Female age 6 (b.1844), Female age 6 (b.1844), Male age 5 (b.1845), Male age 6 (b.1844), Male age 4 (b.1846), Female age 3 (b.1847), Male age 3 (b.1847), Female age 2 (b.1848), Male age 0 (b.1850), Male age 0 (b.1850), Male age 0 (b.1850), Male age 1 (b.1849); [1850 U.S. Federal Census – Slave Schedule, Carroll Co., MS, Benjamin Campbell, 43 total]

1860Group 1 – Male age 53 (b.1807), Male age 21 (b.1839), Female age 18 (b.1842), Female age 16 (b.1844), Male age 14 (b.1846), Male age 12 (b.1848), Male age 10 (b.1850), Male age 8 (b.1852); Group 2 – Female age 40 (b.1820), Male age 25 (b.1835), Female age 20 (b.1840), Male age 18 (b.1842), Male age 12 (b.1848), Male age 10 (b.1850), Male age 8 (b.1852), Male age 6 (b.1854), Male age 4 (b.1856), Female age 5 (b.1855), Male age 3 (b.1857), Female age 0 (b.1860); Group 3 – Male age 40 (b.1820), Female age 40 (b.1820), Male age 30 (b.1830), Female age 8 (b.1852), Male age 6 (b.1854), Female age 4 (b.1856), Male age 0 (b.1860); Group 4 – Female age 30 (b.1830), Male age 28 (b.1832), Male age 10 (b.1850), Female age 8 (b.1852), Female age 6 (b.1854), Male age 2 (b.1858); Group 5 – Male age 25 (b.1835), Female age 18 (b.1842), Female age 18 (b.1842), Male age 30 (b.1830), Female age 22 (b.1838); Group 6 – Female age 85 (b.1775), Female age 50 (b.1810), Female age 8 (b.1852), Male age 6 (b.1854), Male age 3 (b.1857), Male age 0 (b.1860); Group 7 – Male age 35 (b.1825), Female age 30 (b.1830), Male age 18 (b.1842), Male age 12 (b.1848), Female age 10 (b.1850), Male age 8 (b.1852), Male age 6 (b.1854), Male age 6 (b.1854), Male age 2 (b.1858); Group 8 – Male age 23 (b.1837), Female age 20 (b.1840), Male age 6 (b.1854), Female age 4 (b.1856), Female age 3 (b.1857), Male age 2 (b.1858); [1860 U.S. Federal Census – Slave Schedule, Carroll Co., MS, Benjamin Campbell, 59 total, 8 houses]

ASSOCIATED FREE PERSONS

Binford/ Campbell family: Benjamin Campbell (b.1785-d.?) – owner of Benjamin Campbell Plantation; Nancy Jane Walker Binford Campbell (b.1776-d.aft.1820) – wife (m.aft.1804), widow of James Binford (m.1797, b.1750-d.~1804); Margaret Mosby Binford (b.1798-d.1879) – step-dau., dau. of J. Binford and N.J.W.B. Campbell; John Alexander Binford (b.1800-d.1876) – step-son, son of J. Binford and N.J.W.B. Campbell, founder of Binford Plantation (Carroll Co., MS); James R. Binford (b.1802-d.1839) – step-son, son of J. Binford and N.J.W.B. Campbell; Charles Cotesworth Pinckney Campbell (b.1808-d.1865) – son of B. and N.J.W.B. Campbell; Martha Louisa Campbell (b.?-d.?) – dau. of B. and N.J.W.B. Campbell; Frances Campbell (b.?-d.?) – dau. of B. and N.J.W.B. Campbell

Johnston family (Halifax Co., NC): Captain William Willis Johnston (b.1793-d.1835) – Colonel in the War of 1812; Margaret “Peggy” Mosby Binford Johnston (b.1798-d.1879) – wife (m.1818), dau. of J. Binford and N.J.W.B. Campbell; Ann Eliza Johnston (b.1820-d.1834) – dau.; James Sterling Johnston (b.1821-d.1848) – son; Dr. William Littleberry Johnston (b.1823-d.1863) – son, attended University of North Carolina; Louisa Frances Johnston Cheek (b.1825-d.1892) – dau.; Sarah McGregor Johnston (b.1826-d.?) – dau.; John Willis Johnston (b.1828-d.1893) – son; Susan Binford Johnston (b.1830-d.1837) – dau.; Martha Chapeel Johnston (b.1832-d.?) – dau.; Margaret Rebecca Johnston Simmons (b.1833-d.1895)- dau.

Binford family (Halifax Co., NC): James R. Binford (b.1802-d.1839) – son of J. Binford and N.J.W.B. Campbell; Mary G. Neville Binford (b.1814-d.1879) – wife (m.1832)

Campbell family: Charles Cotesworth Pinckney Campbell (b.1808-d.1865) – son of B. and N.J.W.B. Campbell; Rebecca Edwards Webb Campbell (b.1818-d.1866) – wife (m.1833); Susan Campbell Doty (b.1835-d.?) – dau.; James M. Campbell (b.1838–d.1862) – son; Charles H. Campbell (b.1840-d.?) – son; Annie Elvina Campbell McNamara (b.1842–d.1907) – dau.; Frances “Fannie” L. Campbell Binford (b.1844-d.1913) – dau.; Mary “Molly” R. Campbell Estes (b.1846-d.?) – dau.; Orman A. Campbell (b.1847–d.1861) – son

Binford family: Lt. Colonel James Robert Binford (b.1839-d.1918) – son of J.A. and P.A.B. Binford, legislator credited for developing Jim Crow Law of Mississippi later adopted by the Southern states; Frances “Fannie” L. Campbell Binford (b.1844-d.1913) – wife, dau. of C.C.P. and R.E.W. Campbell, inherited real estate from her father C.C.P. Campbell in 1867; Lloyd Tilghman Binford (b.1866-d.1956) – son; Fannie Binford (b.1870-d.1886) – dau.; James Campbell Binford (b.1876-d.1907) – son


HISTORICAL RECORDS AND DATA

  • 1810 U.S. Federal Census, Northampton, North Carolina, USA (Ancestry.com) – Benjamin Campbell Roll: 42; Page: 717
  • 1820 U.S. Federal Census, Halifax Co., North Carolina, USA (Ancestry.com) – Benjamin Campbell (Page: 144)
  • 1830 U.S. Federal Census, Halifax Co., North Carolina, USA (Ancestry.com) – Benjamin Campbell (Roll: 121; Page: 312); John A. Binford (Roll: 121; Page: 312)
  • 1840 U.S. Federal Census, Carroll Co., Mississippi, USA (Ancestry.com) – Benjamin Campbell (Roll: 215; Page: 32)
  • 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Carroll Co., Mississippi, USA (Ancestry.com) – Charles P. Campbell (b.1809), farmer, household 74 (Roll: 369; Page: 259b); Benjamin Campbell (b.1786), farmer, household 148 (Roll: 369; Page: 264b)
  • 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Carroll Co., Mississippi, USA (Ancestry.com) – Charles Campbell (b.1808), farmer, household 136 (Page: 835); Benjamin Campbell (b.1785), farmer, household 179 (Page: 840)
  • 1870 U.S. Federal Census, Carroll Co., Mississippi, USA (Ancestry.com) – John A. Binford (b.1801), white, farmer, household 23 — includes family of Dinah Binford, black, b.1810 (Roll: M593_723; Page: 692A); James R. Binford (b.1839), white, farmer, household 29 — includes Mary Binford, black, b.1840; Janette Binford, mulatto, b.1867 (Roll: M593_723; Page: 692B); B.F. Campbell (b.1785), white, farmer, household 64 (Roll: M593_723; Page: 695B)
  • Captain William Willis Johnston, memorial ID 106726672 (Find a Grave)
  • Charles Coatsworth Pinkney Campbell, memorial ID 24904514 (Find a Grave)
  • 1867 Will of C.C.P. Campbell (Carroll County, Mississippi Estate Records) – Carroll Co., Mississippi; C.H. Campbell (heir), E. McNamara (heir) wife of W.H. McNamara, Fannie S. [L.] Binford (heir) wife of James R. Binford, Mollie R. Estes (heir) wife of Dr. J.J. Doty, Cornelia M. Campbell (heir)
  • Chief Duck Statue – Duck Hill is named for a large hill northeast of the town, where a Choctaw chief named “Duck” held war councils. Chief Duck was also a medicine man or shaman. A statue of Chief Duck is located on U.S. Route 51 in Duck Hill. Chief Duck Statue, entry ID 52473 (Roadside America), Duck Hill, Mississippi (Wikipedia.com)

REFERENCES

  • Geni. Nancy Jane Binford [database online]. https://www.geni.com/people/Nancy-Binford/6000000052738982858
  • Ancestry.com. 1810 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. http://ancestry.com. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Third Census of the United States, 1810. (NARA microfilm publication M252, 71 rolls). Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • Ancestry.com. 1820 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. http://ancestry.com. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Fourth Census of the United States, 1820. (NARA microfilm publication M33, 142 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • Ancestry.com. 1830 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. http://ancestry.com. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Fifth Census of the United States, 1830. (NARA microfilm publication M19, 201 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • Ancestry.com. 1840 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. http://ancestry.com. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Sixth Census of the United States, 1840. (NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • Ancestry.com. 1850 U.S. Federal Census – Slave Schedules [database on-line]. http://ancestry.com. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2004. United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Seventh Census of the United States, 1850. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1850. M432, 1,009 rolls.
  • Ancestry.com. 1860 U.S. Federal Census – Slave Schedules [database on-line]. http://ancestry.com. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Eighth Census of the United States, 1860. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1860. M653, 1,438 rolls.
  • Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. http://ancestry.com. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. 1870 U.S. census, population schedules. NARA microfilm publication M593, 1,761 rolls.
  • Find a Grave. [database online]. http://findagrave.com.
  • Roadside America. Duck Hill, Mississippi: Chief Duck Statue [database on-line]. https://www.roadsideamerica.com/.
  • Wikipedia. Duck Hill, Mississippi [database on-line]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duck_Hill,_Mississippi
  • Hanks, S. (2013). Akee Tree: A Descendant’s Quest for His Slave Ancestors on the Eskridge Plantation. American History Press.
  • Wiltshire, B.C. (1997). Carroll County, Mississippi Estate Records 1840 – 1869 with Freedmen Apprenticeships. Pioneer Publishing Co.
  • Bruner, M.L. Supplement to Binford Family Genealogy. Metropolitan Printing Co., Portland, Oregon. [accessed online] http://www.seekingmyroots.com/members/files/G000656.pdf

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